Common prescription pain relievers
Common prescribed pain-killer include: Corticosteroids, Opioids, Antidepressants and Anticonvulsants (anti-seizure medications).
Corticosteroids are prescribed to relieve inflammation within the body but they may have serious side effects as: weight gain, headache, mood changes, sleeping disorders, decreased immune system and osteoporosis.
Opioids are narcotic pain relievers that can be natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic opiates. They are often used for short term pain management. Example of opioids: Morphine, Fentanyl, Codeine and Oxycodone. Opioids have some side effects include: Nausea, drowsiness, itching, constipation, respiratory depression and addiction.
Antidepressants are used to treat pain and emotional disorders by adjusting the chemical messengers in the brain. These medications can provide relaxation, well-being sensation, and pain control during chronic pain conditions. Side effects of antidepressant can include: Dry mouth, constipation, difficult urination, blurred vision, nausea, headache and fatigue.
Anticonvulsants are typically used to treat seizure disorders but they are effective in relieving pain as well. The mechanism by which anticonvulsants treat pain is unclear but it is suggested to inhibit the excitability of nerves of pain. Anticonvulsants have some common side effects as: Fatigue, dizziness and nausea.